SISU—LINE #2 The Impact of Space

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The impact of space is an equation with several variables, encompassing both randomness and incompleteness. To an increasing degree, society controls people and their behaviour in space – all sorts of standards regulate the professional activities of (interior) architects that proceed from health and safety of the user of the space. Yet in between the pragmatic framework of our three-dimensional environment and the actual perception of space, there’s that something that people intuit subconsciously, something expressed as if spontaneously – out of personal experience, common sense and gut feeling. In school and university, we are taught to create space, perceive values, pose questions, and search for ourselves and our ego-driven needs. The concept of functional space in constantly changing over time. To anticipate tomorrow’s changes, yesterday’s beliefs must be questioned. That plants hope for the inception of a new human space.

Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla


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A significant part of the symposium experience has been t inside the covers of SISU—LINE # 2. The issue has two parts, the first more text-oriented. The architect and spatial phenomenologist Juhani Pallasmaa has written prolifically about the spirit of architecture and atmosphere of space in his books and now, in his article, he weaves the various eras and art manifestations into a densely textured thicket of ideas where spirit and substance meet. In his analysis, he identifies the timeless spatial values and how to perceive them in various media. Graeme Brooker, a professor at the Royal College of Art in London, discusses different ways of treating interior and the changing nature of interior architecture. In the case of both these renowned authors, the articles serve as an extension of their books. Interior architect Kees Spanjers analyses the role of human-centred design in the Netherlands and focuses on the impetus for creating new functional spaces – an impetus based on ever-changing phenomena. Through the lens of forthright, personal life experience, architect Aet Ader surveys patterns of using dwelling space in Tallinn, methodically discovering how people create their space and influence it through their physical presence.

Film as a medium has made its breakthrough in the SISU symposium format. Master’s degree candidate Ingel Vaikla compares two films from the 14th Venice biennial of architecture that evoke a spatial contrast between institutional architectural policy and human lifestyles.

The second part of SISU—LINE places a greater focus on visual elements and the creation of space as a process. What brings space alive – how can space be influenced? The experiences of practising architects and interior architects are shared by two fascinating Europeans, Patrick Girod and Evelyne Merkx, whose ambitious bookshop in Maastricht’s Gothic cathedral has provocatively enlivened the discourse on reconceptualising sacral spaces Meanwhile, Andres Põime and Liisa Põime paint a picture from the professional’s perspective of the fraught construction process at one of Estonia’s representations abroad – the Beijing Embassy.

The closing of SISU symposium took place in outdoor areas – in a spring bog landscape and at the pavilions designed by Academy of Arts architecture students on the north coast. The ten-year-long creative and construction process is explored by Arhitekt Must and Jaan Tiidemann under the Design Studio heading. Architect Kadri Klementi provides insight into the spatial experience gleaned from the primal forest installation recently created by interior architecture students. The SISU “Spatial Interventions” exhibition is captured by a visual essay that reflects human activities and everyday observations in the urban space in all its randomness and incompleteness, and expectation…

Little by little, SISU—LINE is developing its new look as a platform where theoreticians from the academic world meet practitioners pursuing fascinating spatial interventions. Of course, there’s no such thing as ideal space. And this is what inspires us to engage in discourse on the nature of space. Enjoy reading!


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The Journal of Interior Architecture Research SISU—LINE #2 is based on Interior Architecture Symposion SISU 2015: Ruumimõju. The Impact of Space 27.–30.05.2015, Tallinn

Publisher: Estonian Association of Interior Architects
Editor-in-chief: Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla
Editorial Board: Edina Dufala-Pärn (Estonian Academy of Arts) Jüri Kermik, PhD (University of Brighton) Martin Melioranski (Estonian Academy of Arts) Triin Ojari (Estonian Architecture Museum)
Graphic Design: Stuudio Stuudio
Translators, Proofreaders: Päevakera OÜ, Eva Näripea, PhD
Printed by Tallinn Book Printers
ISSN 2382-9397


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